6. 1817-1819 -Typhus and Famine
Excessive cold temperatures and rain ruined the potato and grain crops that took place sometime in 1817 that resulted to cold and hunger especially to poor. A lack of ventilation and hygiene resulted to a massive typhus outbreak that affected the entire country. It was noted that 65,000 individuals died because of this.
7. 1832 – Onset of Cholera Outbreak
The 1st of the consecutive cholera outbreaks started in the spring 1832 in Dublin. The city became congested with purlieus and so, it turned to be a breeding ground for cholera. Temporary hospitals were established all over the city as many people were attacked by the disease in just a few hours.
8. 1845 to 1849 – Extreme Hunger
The potato blight affected the country in 1845, and there were millions of residents who became completely dependent on potato crops were left hungry. The country’s population went down as a million of Irish people died whilst another one million moved to other countries such as the United States. A major fraction of the population died because of cholera and typhus on the coffin ships as they tried to escape the famine.
9. 1918 – Influenza Pandemic
The post war movement of refugees and troops between the ending of the World War I as well as the outburst of the War of Independence triggered an endemic of influenza in the country that put 20,000 people in death. The modern research showed that a group of 3 genes has activated the virus to spread to the lungs of a person and triggered the development of pneumonia.
10. The Irish Civil War
The Irish Civil War was a war that followed the Irish War of Independence and accompanied the establishment of the Irish Free State, an entity independent from the United Kingdom but within the British Empire. The civil war was waged between two opposing groups, Irish Republicans and Irish nationalists, over the Anglo-Irish Treaty. The forces of the Provisional Government supported the Treaty, while the Republican opposition saw it as a betrayal of the Irish Republic (which had been proclaimed during the Easter Rising). Many of those who fought in the conflict had been members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) during the War of Independence. The Civil War was won by the Free State forces, which were heavily armed with weapons provided by the British Government, and transported by the Royal Navy. The conflict may have claimed more lives than the War of Independence that preceded it, and left Irish society divided and embittered for generations. As many as 4,000 were killed during the Civil War.